A Natural History of Rape: Biological Bases of Sexual by Randy Thornhill, Craig T. Palmer

By Randy Thornhill, Craig T. Palmer

During this sure-to-be-controversial ebook, Randy Thornhill and Craig Palmer use evolutionary biology to give an explanation for the reasons of rape and to suggest new techniques to its prevention. based on Thornhill and Palmer, developed model of a few type supplies upward push to rape; the most evolutionary query is whether or not rape is an edition itself or a derivative of alternative diversifications. whatever the solution, Thornhill and Palmer notice, rape circumvents a significant characteristic of women's reproductive approach: mate selection. this can be a fundamental the reason is, rape is devastating to its sufferers, in particular younger ladies. Thornhill and Palmer tackle, and declare to demolish scientifically, many myths approximately rape bred via social technology thought over the last twenty-five years. the preferred competition that rapists usually are not encouraged via sexual hope is, they argue, scientifically erroneous. even though they argue that rape is organic, Thornhill and Palmer don't view it as inevitable. Their thoughts for rape prevention comprise instructing younger men to not rape, punishing rape extra significantly, and learning the effectiveness of "chemical castration." additionally they suggest that younger ladies ponder the organic explanations of rape whilst making judgements approximately gown, visual appeal, and social actions. Rape may stop to exist, they argue, simply in a society familiar with its evolutionary motives. The publication encompasses a beneficial precis of evolutionary idea and a comparability of evolutionary biology's and social science's causes of human habit. The authors argue for the larger explanatory strength and useful usefulness of evolutionary biology. The e-book is certain to fan the flames of dialogue either at the particular subject of rape and at the greater problems with how we comprehend and impact human habit.

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Extra info for A Natural History of Rape: Biological Bases of Sexual Coercion

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Humphrey and Alexander suggest that the most important aspect of the design of consciousness may be its usefulness for solving social problems that resemble, but differ slightly from, the social problems that were consistently faced in ancestral environments. Such new social problems are often evolutionarily unique combinations of the non-unique social variables that have been repeatedly encountered in human evolutionary history. For example, having to compete with other individuals of a certain age and sex for a resource such as mates is a task that was faced innumerable times by our ancestors, but the exact combination of the sexual variables we face on any given day may be unique.

Rape and Evolutionary Theory 19 We humans are social strategists par excellence (Wright 1994), and our social behavior is apparently unique in the degree of its plasticity. This unique behavioral plasticity requires not only that human psychology consists of many specialized mechanisms but also that it be much more diverse and complex in structure than the psychology of any other organism. The third reason that human psychological adaptations are expected to be special-purpose rather than general-purpose is that our knowledge of the functional design of non-psychological adaptations indicates that they are special-purpose.

16 However, a given cultural behavior cannot be automatically assumed to increase current reproductive success, nor can it be assumed to have been designed by natural selection (even though our capacity for culture clearly was). Cultural behavior, like all behavior, should be expected to show evidence of adaptation, and thus direct selection for the behavior, only to the extent that both the genetic and the environmental influences on that behavior have been replicated across generations for the long periods of time needed for effective selection.

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