A History of Drug Use in Sport: 1876-1976: Beyond Good and by Paul Dimeo

By Paul Dimeo

This booklet deals a brand new historical past of drug use in recreation. It argues that the assumption of doping up to augment functionality has now not regularly been the trouble or ‘evil’ we now imagine it's. as a substitute, the late nineteenth century was once a time of a few experimentation and innovation principally unhindered through speak of dishonest or health and wellbeing hazards. by way of the interwar interval, experiments have been modernised within the new laboratories of workout physiologists. nonetheless there has been little or no experience that this was once opposite to the ethics or spirit of activity. activities, medications and technological know-how have been heavily associated for over part a century. the second one global War provided the impetus for either elevated use of substances and the emergence of an anti-doping reaction. by way of the tip of the Nineteen Fifties a brand new framework of ethics was once being imposed at the medicines query that developed doping in hugely emotive phrases as an ‘evil’. along this emerged the technology and procedural forms of checking out. The years as much as 1976 laid the rules for 4 a long time of anti-doping. This publication deals an in depth and important realizing of who was once concerned, what they have been attempting to in attaining, why they set approximately this job and the context within which they labored. through doing so, it reconsiders the vintage dichotomy of ‘good anti-doping’ up opposed to ‘evil doping’. Winner of the 2007 Lord Aberdare Literary Prize for the simplest ebook in British activities background.

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The conclusion of Christison’s trials suggested that coca was useful for combating fatigue during exercise. Christison wrote that coca ‘removes fatigue and prevents it ... no injury whatever is sustained at the time or subsequently ... it has Doping and the rise of modern sport 21 no effect on the mental faculties except liberating them from the dullness and drowsiness which follow great bodily fatigue’ (1876: 530). The discussion of coca for athletes, and for physical stimulation in general, was fast becoming a hot topic in popular science.

It acts on the nervous system, and in this way braces up the muscles … It certainly is a remarkable drug’ (Outing 1896: 215). Other sources, including athletic coaches, military authorities and doctors testified to its value in combating fatigue and improving overall health. The basis for knowledge was the experimental work conducted in various countries by scientists interested in the ‘medicinal value’ of kola. Overall, this was a triumph for the manufacturers who were to be congratulated for: Doping and the rise of modern sport 25 Supplying to the world such an admirable tonic – one which strengthens the whole frame, a tonic which banishes weakness, whether physical, mental or moral, a tonic which will prove a priceless boon to all of the human family who struggle under adverse conditions with the heavy tasks of life.

V. C. 2 milligrammes and conducted a muscular strength experiment. The increase in performance was initially substantial but over a longer period it actually diminished. These results were reported in the Journal of Physiology: The immediate effect is to produce an increase in the capacity for muscular work. With the smaller dose the increase is gradually produced with its maximum about three hours after its ingestion. 2 mgm. dose the maximum is obtained in about half an hour. In either case a fall follows and the capacity becomes subnormal – a condition which continued until the end of the experiment, a period of considerably over five hours.

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